A Glossary of Unimog terms
A company that sold Unimog 406's in the U.S.A. The Unimogs were usually orange, with the
short wheel base, and the low speed axles. Many options were available with these Unimogs, such as backhoes, and three-point hitches.
An extra set of gears added on to a Unimog transmission that gives much lower road speed, somewhere in the range of 2 meters per minute. Intended for agricultural uses and road maintenance, not for high-torque requirements like hill climbing.
An acronym for DOppelKAbine meaning double cab, or crewcab, a four-door Unimog cab.
Flughavenloschfahrzeug, a version of Fire Truck, an Airport Fire Engine.
Falling Object Protection System, a cage, usually mounted on a ROPS, to protect the Unimog from falling objects.
Radio Trucks are Unimog S 404's with a van body on the back, similar to an ambulance. They were outfitted and used as a radio communications truck and known as a "Funkwagen" (German for Radio Wagen), or here in North America as Radio Trucks. When they are sold, many still have the radio truck furniture with them, such as desks, chairs, lamps, pull down shades and window covers. Some even have radios, amps and teletype equipment.
The German word for box. It refers to the structure on the back of the Unimog, such as a VLF, TLF-8, Radio or ambulance box (not a flatbed).
Leichte Baureihe Unimog, Light Range Unimog such as the U90 Turbo or U100L Turbo.
Loschgruppenfahrzeug, a version of Fire Truck, a Fire Group Engine.
Mittiere Baureihe Unimog, a Medium Range Unimog such as the U1400, U1450, U1600, or the U1650 (214).
A 4- or 6-wheel drive vehicle built in the Pinzgau district of Austria by Steyer-Puch. Older ones have a 4-cylinder air-cooled engine. They are equipped with portal axles, independant suspension, locking differentials, and are smaller than a Unimog, with better highway speeds.
Pulverloschfahrzeug, a version of Fire Truck, a Powder Fire Engine.
An axle design that gives much greater ground clearance. Instead of the drive axle entering the hub at the center like a conventional axle, it enters near the top edge of the hub, and a set of gears in a gear box (inside the brake drum/hub assembly) delivers the driving force to the wheel. This type of axle is found on Unimogs, Pinzgauers, and old Volkswagen transporters (from 1947 through 1967).
Literally, plank-bed. A flat-bed version of the Unimog.
Power Take Off, a drive shaft that runs from the transmission to the front, rear or side of the Unimog to drive an implement such as a winch, snow blower or pump.
Roll Over Protection System- an added framework to protect the Unimog in case of a roll-over.
Schwere Baureihe Unimog, a Heavy Range Unimog such as the U1550L, U2100, U2150, U2400, U2450, or the U2450L.
Small Emplacement Excavator. The US Army's name for a version of the 406. They come equipped with a small front end loader and a folding backhoe.
A company that builds Snowplow and Snowblower equipment that fits on Unimogs.
Schmidt panoramic cabin-
A special cab for the Unimog that provides a better view of the road when snow plowing.
It is much taller than the stock cab, with huge windows, and looks like the cab on a U.S. combine.
Schaumloschfahrzeug, a version of Fire Truck, a Foam Fire Engine.
Tankloeschfahrzeug, a version of Fire truck. The Unimog 404.1 TLF-8 has a hard-top cab, and a box that has room for only 1 fireman. The TLF-8 was usually equipped with an 800 liter water tank and a large pump, as well as the other fire fighting equipment.
Trochenloschfahrzeug, a version of Fire Truck, a Dry (waterless) Fire Engine. Probably a Dry Chemical truck.
An acronym derived from UNIversal MOtor Gerat, which means Universal Motor Equipment. The original models of Unimog such as the 2010 and the 411 had a 4 cylinder 25 HP Diesel engine. The Unimog 404.1 is a one and a half ton NATO rated truck. The 404.1 was typically equipped with a 2.2L straight-six overhead-cam gasoline engine, rated at 82 to 90 HP. There was a 404.0 that had the 404.1 running gear, a 2.8L dual carb engine, and a cab much like a 406. The newer Unimogs are all Diesel powered, and cover a wide range of sizes and HP ratings.
Vorausloeschfahrzeug, a version of Fire truck. The Unimog 404.1 VLF has a hard-top cab, and a box that has room for 4 or 5 firemen in the back, and lots of fire fighting equipment. Some VLF's were equiped with a 330 liter water tank, and a smaller pump. Some VLF's were set up so that there was only room for one fireman in the box, with a wooden dividing wall, and the rest of the front part of the box used for fire fighting equipment.
Waldbrandtankloschfahrzeug, a version of Fire truck, a Forest Fire Engine.
This is a list of the labels from the switches on the dashboard of my VLF:
Alarm switches - The switch for the siren.
Starter. A push-button to engage the starter.
Literally, Travel Switches- The ignition switch.
Instr. or Instrument Beleuchtung-
Light Switches. This switch controls the running lights and the headlights, or the convoy lights.
Nebel Scheinw. or Scheinwerfer-
Rotating beacon light.
Wipers. They usually have two switches: Links for Left, and Rechts for Right.
Power Take Off. This is a warning light to indicate that the PTO is engaged.
Additional Fuel pump-This is the electric pump mounted in the top of the front fuel tank of a 404.1 fire truck.
It also has a warning: Umschalthahn auf Reserve stellen- to be sure the Reserve fuel lever position is selected
before using the electric pump.